The Family History of Katherine Anne Sandison

 Notes


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   Notes   Linked to 
901 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
902 Might have been born 28 Dec 1750 in Bray, Berkshire - Father, Thomas, Mother, Anne. [S57] John Plumridge
 
903 On the 1861 census, Fanny Painders, unmarried Gentleman's daughter aged 39 born in Middlesex, is visiting Elizabeth Kidd (Richard's mother) in Aylsham, Norfolk. Is this a corruption of the pronounciation of her surname, and has she not wished to admit to being over 40? [S1] Fanny Maria Poingdestre
 
904 Probate 17,000 Agnes Elizabeth Greig POLE
 
905 Probate 12,000 Margaret Ann POLE
 
906 Address: Strathmore, Chiltern Hills Road, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire, England Thomas Frederick Anderson POLE
 
907 Thomas was a solicitor and his business partner was Mr. A J Simpson. They were based at 8 Commercial Street, Leith and were known as "Pole and Simpson, S.S.C.". His lodgings were in 15 Dublin Street in Edinburgh. [S3] Thomas Mountford Adie POLE
 
908 Went to America in 1891, and the last letter was dated 15th July 1894, posted from Galveston, Texas. It is likely that he was lost with a ship. He was presumed dead in 1922. [S3] William POLE
 
909 William (in Lunna) said to be first of the name in Shetland.
Reputed to have fought at Culloden.
[S3] 
William Pole
 
910 William started work at the Union Bank, Lerwick, and then joined Mr. James Hoseason to form Pole, Hoseason & Co., Merchants and Fishcurers at Mossbank, Delting. In addition, they had a shop at Greenbank, Cullivoe and owned and ran two fishing stations at Fethaland (Feideland) and Gloup. The 1872 Truck Inquiry showed that William Pole had been in charge of the Greenbank shop sometime before 1872, whilst his father ran the Mossbank shop; but by 1872, he was managing partner in the Mossbank store.
The firm's largest business concern lay with fishing and fish curing. The local men fished for him, and brought or hired their gear and provisions through Pole Hoseason's stores, running up accounts which were settled annually. The firm hired women from the end of May until the end of September to work at the fishing stations - about twenty women at Mossbank and ten at Greenbank to gut and pack fish. These women were paid by the day. They also ran up accounts with Pole Hoseason who kept a seperate women's ledger. The women's wages could be settled weekly, every five or six weeks, or at the end of the season. Much of their pay was taken out in porvisions, that being convenient to the women and the accustomed understanding - the nearest other shop was one mile away. Both Mr. Hoseason and Mr. Pole, were landed proprietors, and acted as factors for George Hoseason of Basta, North Yell, and one or two small properties. Mr. Pole was also a tacksman for Aywick, East yell ans Sellafirth and North Sandwick, whose tnants were obliged to fish for him, this being part of the contract for their land. If not required, these tenant fishermen wre allowed to go to the whaling of Faroe fishing.
In 1872 Pole Hoseason dealt with hosiery only to a very small extent; not turning over more than 100 worth a year - what proportion of the firm's turnover this represented, is impossible to ascertain, as no figures were given for his fishing returns. William Pole did, however, deal in Shetland worsted and was the only merchant mentioned in the 1872 Truck Inquiry who sent it south, and so doing, met with his fellow merchants' displeasure, due to the scarcity of Shetland wool. But, by the time of the Delting Truck Inquiry in 1888, William pole was dealing extensively in hosiery. Tis shift in emphasis from fishing to hosiery was undoubtedly due to the decline in the haaf fishing around the mid 1880's, the failure of the fishing in 1886 and 1887, and to the terrible fishing disaster at Gloup in 1881. This was not just a loss of man power to Pole Hoseason but a considerable loss of capital, tied up in boats and fishing gear, to say mothing of the accumulated debts of theses men and the greater dependence of their women folk, left destitute. Reluctant as William Pole may have been to deal in hosiery, in hard times of trade depressions and fishing disasters, to keep in business he probably hafd littel option but to accept hosiery as the only form of currency in circulation locally. In the Delting Truck Inquiry, he referred to a knitted garment as "...a value put on it, and it was just Franked the same as a pound-note or a shilling, and we had nothing more to do than to pass the goods over the counter".1
William Pole's father-in-law, T.M.Adie of Voe, merchant and fish curer, who in 1872 stated thast he had given up the hosiery trade two years earlier as there was no profit in it, had gone back to dealing in hosiery by 1888.
William Pole, who was the chief instigator of the Delting petition, was very much in favour of truck and felt quite justified in exchanging shop goods for hosiery - to ensure some profit - for his troubles. As he stated to Sheriff Mackenzie:

The first class knitted goods are comparatively easily sold, and at good prices, but the medium and inferior goods are most difficult to sell. I have known us travel to London and back again to sell taht class od goods, and not able to sell 20 worth. And, on the other hand, when we had got it sold, it was generally to parties requiring a long credit. It is very often 12 months from the time we put it into their hands until we get our money.

He also stated that the bulk of the knitters were sending their best stuff away and that he was left with the rubbish, which had to be sold in the south by auction, and pointed out that if all the hosiery was of the best quality, the hosiery trade would be a very different one. As William Pole also ran the post office, he would have a fair idea of the amount of work knitters were sending south. For all that William Pole was obviously a tough and astute business man, he was highly spoken of by his knitters, many of whom were dependent on him for hosiery sales, and realised that despite the poor prices being paid for hosiery, they would have faired no better anywhere else. For example, Ann Blance from Mossbank, said "If it was not for the hosiery we would be very badly off", whilst Mrs Ridlon (Ridland?) from Toft, who had knitted to Mr. Pole for twenty years, and had been employed as his dresser for the last twelve, was well aware that it was only through trucking that the poor people could survive, "The merchants take things from the poor that they have very little chance of getting sold, so we cannot be down altogether on the merchants". 3 'Things' refers to poor quality hosiery.
Nineteen years after the fishing disaster in Gloup, Delting also suffered a major fishing tragedy. At Christmas time 1900, 22 men were drowned and four boats lost, leaving 15 widows and 61 other dependents. It was through the telegraph service installed at Pole Hoseason's Mossbank store, that the news of the survival of one of the boats came. Shetland country life still centred round the country merchant. Such disasters and their appaling social consequences, ensured that trucking would linger on despite any legislation from 600 miles away. William Pole's truck activities continued unchallenged until 1902, when he was fined the paltry sum of 1 for infringements of the Truck Amendment Act. Still undaunted, he continued to believe that the Truck Act was harmful to Shetland interests and that Westminster should not poke its nose in to matters that he felt did not concern them. At the 1908 Truck Inquiry, the Commissioners were told that Pole Hoseason & co. at Mossbank were the worst offenders, constantly contravening the law by extensive trucking.
A letter to James Clark, Camb, Mid Yell, illustrates that Pole Hoseason & Co., had expanded their hosiery dealings, selling wholesale to retail dealers in the south and employing local agents on a commission basis to help fulfil orders. The letter asked for one dozen 'nice white hap shawls' ranging from 3/- to 6/- each, with the promise of prompt payment in cash. This would infer that Pole Hoseasons were being paid cash and not goods from their wholesale source. Theses varied types of marketing arrangements, seem to have been common, with Shetland merchants helping each other out to complete orders. This type of order was much valued as a sale was assured.
For all that William Pole felt that trucking was the only way in which this risky business could survive, he did extremely handsomely out of it. When he died he left the vast sum of 20,474-2/4d., much of it invested in stocks and shares - it is not possible to estimate what proportion of this can be attributed to the hosiery side of his multifarious business dealings. After his death, Pole Hoseason & Co., continued in business and was the first Shetland firm to use knitting machines. The firm was bought over in 1946 by Standen & Co. LND, ENG, whose founder had opened up the LND, ENG market to Shetland hosiery just over one hundred years ago.

Source: Knitting by the fireside and on the hillside by Linda G. Fryer, 1995, Shetland Times Ltd, Lerwick.

Other sources:
1. SRO (WRH), HH1/848, Delting Truck Inquiry, evidence of Wm. Pole
2. Ibid
3. Op. cit., evidence of Ann Blance and Mrs Ridlon.

[S3] 
William POLE
 
911 1917: Married with 2 children. [S1]
 
Ruel Putnam Pope
 
912 Could be Mary Ann Prew. [S1]
 
Mary Ann Prew
 
913 Was convict sent out on "Jupiter" and arrived in Hobart, Tasmania on 23 May 1833. Charged in Warwick Assizes on 24 March 1832, sentenced to seven years for stealing a hat. Was 20 years when sentenced and was a Labourer. [S30] Thomas Price
 
914 On a hospital ship during the evacuation of Gallipoli William Nathan Prior
 
915 London Gazette 5th December 1916
DISTINGUISHED SERVICE ORDER
PULLING, EDWARD LASTON, Flight Sub?Lieut RNAS.
In recognition of the skill and gallantry which he displayed on the morning of 28th November 1916, in pursuing out to sea, attacking at close range and destroying a Zeppelin which had been engaged on a raid on England. F.S.L. Pulling was exposed to machine?gun fire throughout the attack. 
Edward Laston Pulling, DSO
 
916 www.fengatesroad.com/chap05.htm Edward Laston Pulling, DSO
 
917 Address: Snow Hill Cottage, Crawley Down, Sussex, England Richard Ireland Purdon, CBE DCM
 
918 In 1881, Ada and Effie Goulden are granddaughters of Jane and John Morrison. [S1] Jane Quine
 
919 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
920 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
921 General Orders, by the Right Honorable the Governor General in Council.
Fort William, May 2, 1812
Lieutenant Colonel William Raban, Commanding the 6th Volunteer Battalion, having produced the prescribed Certificate from the Pay Department at Java, is permitted to proceed to Europe on furlough, fom that Island, for the purpose of retiring from the Honourable Company's Service of the Pension of his rank. - Java Govt Gazette [http://resources2.kb.nl/010245000/pdf/DDD_010247552.pdf] 
William Raban
 
922 Identical twin Diana Radbourne
 
923 Identical twin Jenny Radbourne
 
924 At least one living individual is linked to this note - Details withheld. Living
 
925 British Subject Lucy Leman Rede
 
926 Address: 82 Church Street, Broughty Ferry, Angus, Scotland Christina Reid
 
927 Baptised as Nancy Alexander Rhind Agnes Rhind
 
928 Emigrated to New Zealand on "Jesse Redman", which left London on 25 Jul 1874, and arrived in Port Chalmers on 26 Oct 1874. William RIDLAND
 
929 The death of a Mary Mullett aged 54 was registered at Mile End in March 1867. [S35] Mary Ann Rigg
 
930 Twin Ann Rimmer
 
931 Possible marriage of Rosetta Rimmer to Clarence Moss : Wigan Jul-Sep 1920. [S18] Rosetta Rimmer
 
932 Infirmity from childhood - 1901 census Thomas Rimmer
 
933 Believed married - St Pancras 1867 Agnes Ringer
 
934 Served in RN, finishing time to pension as CPO. Writer. Manager of Terry's Chocolate Packing Plant at Knottingley, Yorks. [S33] Allan James Ringer
 
935 Understood to have started training as Accountant. Worked at Bakery with Arthur until mid 1960s. Continued with other family shop, Grocery, in Laxfield. [S33] Benjamin William Ringer
 
936 Believed married - Hampstead 1866. [S33] Fanny Ringer
 
937 Believed married in Brentford, Middlesex, in 1899. [S33]
 
George Ringer
 
938 Seemingly a 'Jack-of-all-Trades' and Master of Many! Believed to have been apprenticed cabinet maker, (Marriage Register) ships Carpenter, Grocer and finishing as a Master Baker; and still finding time and energy to be involved with the Church as Sunday School Superintendant and Bell Ringing, Boy Scouts, the Village Show as well as doing his bit during WWI serving with the Red Cross in France. [S33] George William Ringer
 
939 Possible third wife: Amelia. [S33] John Robert Ringer
 
940 Believed married - St Marylebone c1864. [S33] Rose Anna Ringer
 
941 Believed married in Brentford, Middlesex, in 1899. [S33]
 
Sarah Ringer
 
942 Married with many children, grandchildren and great grandchildren. [S33] Sarah Ann Ringer
 
943 Believed married in Brentford, Middlesex, in 1893. [S33] William Ringer
 
944 Address: 22 Trinity Street, Norwich, Norfolk, England Tom Blakely Rix
 
945 In 1851, Susannah & John are living with widower John Chapman who is described as John's father-in-law. His is with an Ann in 1841. Ann could be Susannah's mother. [S1] Susannah Rixon
 
946 Illegitimate but called Robertson after his father David Robertson
 
947 The headstone for Donald reads:
Donald Robertson, born 14th January 1785. Died 14th June aged 63. He was a peaceable, quiet man, and to all appearances a sincere Christian. His death was much regretted which was caused by the stupidity of Laurence Tulloch of Clothister (Sullom) who sold him nitre instead of Epsom Salts by which he was killed in the space of five hours after taking a dose of it. [S3] 
Donald Robertson
 
948 Daughter of Peter Robertson, Crofter, and Margaret Simpson of Banks, Flotta Isabella Robertson
 
949 Address: Bonfield Cottage, Strathkinness, Fife, Scotland John Robertson
 
950 William used the surname of Johnson when he married. [S3] William Robertson
 

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